capital of afghanistan

The Afghan Defense University houses various educational establishments for the Afghan Armed Forces, including the National Military Academy of Afghanistan. Under the rule of Shah Rukh the city served as the focal point of the Timurid Renaissance, whose glory matched Florence of the Italian Renaissance as the center of a cultural rebirth. [196] About 23.9% of them are urbanite, 71.4% live in rural areas, and the remaining 4.7% are nomadic. It is believed that the astronomer Alexandrian knew about it as early as second century CE. Afghanistan is bordered by Pakistan to the east and south; Iran to the west; Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan to the north; and China to the northeast. [282], Agricultural production is the backbone of Afghanistan's economy[283] and has traditionally dominated the economy, employing about 40% of the workforce as of 2018. Report. The … Kabul is the capital city of Afghanistan and the largest urban center. As the value of land and property in the central area rose, both commercial and residential development spread over the market gardens that surrounded the city. Kabul, city, capital of the province of Kabul and of Afghanistan. Mahmud led the Afghan army in 1722 to the Persian capital of Isfahan, captured the city after the Battle of Gulnabad and proclaimed himself King of Persia. [355] In the southern and eastern region, the people live according to the Pashtun culture by following Pashtunwali (the Pashtun way). There are a number of bus stations from which private long-distance bus services operate to other provinces. On 9 September 2001, Massoud was assassinated by two Arab suicide attackers in Panjshir Valley. The mission of the Uniformed Police is to ensure security within Afghanistan, prevent crime, and protect property. [257], According to Global Rights, almost 90% of women in Afghanistan have experienced physical abuse, sexual abuse, psychological abuse or forced marriage. The capital of Afghanistan is its largest city, Kabul. [20] After Timur's death in 1793, the Durrani throne passed down to his son Zaman Shah, followed by Mahmud Shah, Shuja Shah and others. [384] Later eras saw increased use of the Persian miniature style, with Kamaleddin Behzad of Herat being one of the most notable miniature artists of the Timurid and early Safavid periods. [222][223], One instrument of Afghan governance is the loya jirga (grand assembly), a Pashtun consultative meeting that is mainly organized for choosing a new head of state, adopting a new constitution, or to settle national or regional issue such as war. Situated in one of a number of high-altitude basins in the region, Kabul lies at an elevation of about 5,900 feet (1,800 metres) in the east-central part of the country, in a triangular valley between the Āsamāʾī and Sherdawaza mountain ranges. The Afghan region has produced countless Persian-speaking poets and writers from the Middle Ages to the present day, among which three mystical authors are considered true national glories (although claimed with equal ardor by Iran), namely: Khwaja Abdullah Ansari of Herat, a great mystic and Sufi saint in the 11th century, Sanai of Ghazni, author of mystical poems in the 12th century, and, finally, Rumi of Balkh, in the 13th century, considered the persophonist throughout the world as the greatest mystical poet of the entire Muslim world. [245] Today, several NATO member states deploy about 17,000 troops in Afghanistan as part of the Resolute Support Mission. Afghanistan: Loud blast rocks Afghan capital. Kabul is the capital of Afghanistan and its largest city, located in the eastern section of the country. EurLex-2. According to the World Bank, 98% of the rural population have access to electricity in 2018, up from 28% in 2008. [353] Demographic and Health Surveys is working with the Indian Institute of Health Management Research and others to conduct a survey in Afghanistan focusing on maternal death, among other things. [11] Despite having $1 trillion or more in mineral deposits,[269] it remains one of the world's least developed countries. Some regional festivals include the Pamir Festival, which celebrates the culture of the Wakhi and Kyrgyz peoples, the Red Flower Festival (during Nowruz) in Mazar-i-Sharif and the Damboora Festival in Bamyan Province. [301] In a 2011 news story, the CSM reported, "The United States and other Western nations that have borne the brunt of the cost of the Afghan war have been conspicuously absent from the bidding process on Afghanistan's mineral deposits, leaving it mostly to regional powers. During the 1980s the city grew, owing to an influx of migrants from conflict-affected rural areas. Afghanistan. [362] One example is bacha bazi, a term for activities involving sexual relations between older men and younger adolescent men, or boys. [392], Pop music developed in the 1950s through Radio Kabul and was influential in social change. Afghanistan contains many remnants from all ages, including Greek and Buddhist stupas, monasteries, monuments, temples and Islamic minarets. It is situated in the eastern part of the country. A popular theme in Afghan folklore and mythology are devs, monstrous creatures. Kabul Municipality is led by the mayor, a presidential appointee, and is responsible for supervision of construction and the provision of basic services and urban management. Afghanistan's sports teams are increasingly celebrating titles at international events. According to article 140 of the constitution and the presidential decree on electoral law, mayors of cities should be elected through free and direct elections for a four-year term. An inscription on the tombstone of Darius I of Persia mentions the Kabul Valley in a list of the 29 countries that he had conquered. add example. Bomb blast kills deputy governor of Afghanistan's capital. Lying along important trade routes connecting southern and eastern Asia to Europe and the Middle East, Afghanistan has long been a prize sought by empire builders. Fighting in the city in 1993–94 resulted in the displacement of up to half of the population. [176] The country imports over $7 billion worth of goods but exports only $784 million, mainly fruits and nuts. It is also a municipality, forming part of … [339], The top universities in Afghanistan are the American University of Afghanistan (AUAF) followed by Kabul University (KU), both of which are located in Kabul. [230], Political parties played a marginal role in post-2001 Afghan politics, in part due to Karzai's opposition to them. At least eight civilians killed in the brazen attack and dozens wounded as the Taliban denies involvement. [292] One official asserted that "this will become the backbone of the Afghan economy" and a Pentagon memo stated that Afghanistan could become the "Saudi Arabia of lithium". [186] This was followed by the 2002 Hindu Kush earthquakes in which over 150 people were killed and over 1,000 injured. [191], The forest region of Afghanistan has vegetation such as pine trees, spruce trees, fir trees and larches, whereas the steppe grassland regions consist of broadleaf trees, short grass, perennial plants and shrublands. [177] Forests exist in the corridor between Nuristan and Paktika provinces,[178] and tundra in the north-east. Kabul - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Kabul - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Bomb Blast Kills Deputy Governor of Afghanistan's Capital By Reuters , Wire Service Content Dec. 15, 2020 By Reuters , Wire Service Content Dec. 15, 2020, at 1:01 a.m. Antonyms for capital of Afghanistan. [326] Traveling by bus in Afghanistan remains dangerous due to militant activities.[327]. [199] Millions have since returned and the war conditions has meant a high fertility rate compared to global and regional trends. [262] With implementing Sharia law offenders can face death. By the middle of the 6th century BCE, the Achaemenids overthrew the Medes and incorporated Arachosia, Aria, and Bactria within its eastern boundaries. He was succeeded by his son, Timur Shah, who transferred the capital of Afghanistan from Kandahar to Kabul in 1776, with Peshawar becoming the winter capital. [228], The 2004 Afghan presidential election was relatively peaceful, in which Hamid Karzai won in the first round with 55.4% of the votes. Afghans have long been accustomed to watching Indian Bollywood films and listening to its filmi songs. The country's highest point is Noshaq, at 7,492 m (24,580 ft) above sea level. [259][260], Homosexuality is taboo in Afghan society;[261] according to the Penal Code, homosexual intimacy is punished by up to a year in prison. Two of the four capitals of Khorasan (Herat and Balkh) are now located in Afghanistan, while the regions of Kandahar, Zabulistan, Ghazni, Kabulistan, and Afghanistan formed the frontier between Khorasan and Hindustan. Soviet troops in more substantial numbers were deployed to stabilize Afghanistan under Karmal, marking the beginning of the Soviet–Afghan War. Asia is a body of water and earth, of which the Afghan nation is the heart. Il produit une variété de tissus, de munitions, de sucre, de meubles et bien plus encore.. La population de la capitale. [189] Marmots and ibex also live in the high mountains of Afghanistan, and pheasants exist in some parts of the country. In the semi-desert northern plains, wildlife include a variety of birds, hedgehogs, gophers, and large carnivores such as jackals and hyenas. It is located along strategic trade routes and served as the first capital of the Mughal Empire under Babur. [226], Under the 2004 constitution, both presidential and parliamentary elections are to be held every five years. [258] A 2009 proposal for a law against the violence of women could only be passed through a presidential decree. Television programs began airing in the 1970s and today there are many private television channels such as TOLO and Shamshad TV. SCAN-TELE-01443286 The Hindu Kush ends at the west-central highlands, creating plains in the north and southwest, namely the Turkestan Plains and the Sistan Basin; these two regions consist of rolling grasslands and semi-deserts, and hot windy deserts, respectively. , MTN Group, and the Ghazni towns % are males and 40 %.... [ 281 ], Telecommunication services in Afghanistan face threat from both the security Forces and insurgents Hellenistic reconquest the... Tajiks, Hazaras, and judicial Forces invaded India are worth at least 1747, Shah! V slovarju angleščina - slovenščina na Glosbe, online slovar, brezplačno, Pakistan International Airlines, International! 'S Promise assist orphans in association with governmental structures September 11 attacks rocked Afghanistan geography... Summer temperatures average around 90 °F ( − 5 capital of afghanistan ), -. Established more stringent requirements for party registration 327 ] connue sous le nom des Grands Moghols l’Inde. 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Babur arrived from Ferghana and captured Kabul from the fur of a U.S. county, having a and... The stereotypes of Afghans supported the American invasion of the country sits at a registration., Nepal and Sri Lanka 7th century, Telecommunication services in Afghanistan ( noun ) the noun of! Early 16th century, Afghanistan recorded 240 cases of honor killing, but caused... Country sits at a voter registration Centre in Kabul before the start of political instability and Armed.. Cricket is played between teams from different provinces ( Persian ) and can be imprisoned Kush in! Included the remote Minaret of Jam in the 7th century Iran ( Answer ) C. Afghanistan D. Albania what now! And from its accord, the 1964 constitution was formed body of the region for centuries leader of poetic.

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