The Foraging Course Company, The Hall, Rugby Road, Wolston, Warwickshire, CV8 3FZ, Sow-thistle, Hare's Colwort, Milky Tassel, Swinies, Hare's Thistle, Hare's Lettuce, Thallak, Common Sow-thistle, If you are suffering from any ailment or need medical advice, please see your General Practitioner. The latter is interesting, as juice from the stem is thought to have cathartic properties, and therefore cause the evacuation of the bowels. Plants can grow from 20 to 150cm in height. The tap root of the smooth sow thistle is unimpressive, but since the soft stem breaks so easily, it works best to thoroughly loosen the soil around it before pulling. The other species, Sonchus oleraceous, often is called the Common Sow Thistle, though in our part of the world the Spiny Leaf Sow Thistle seems more common than the Common. For some large ungulates like elk, native thistles are a source of forage. Plant grows up to 9 feet tall; Few-leaved thistle (Cirsium remotifolium) Biennial or short-lived perennial with a lot of variation between plants; Stems can be either woolly or smooth; The plant has weak spines, and is sparingly branched on the upper half; Flower heads can be creamy-white to purple and are only moderately cobwebby 1 bunch of sow thistle leaves (about one pound) 1 clove of garlic, minced 1/4 red onion, thinly sliced (or more if you like) Goat cheese, crumbled Pine nuts Olive oil 1/4 cup chicken broth salt and pepper Nutmeg to taste. We hope that you have found this information helpful. Prickly Sow-thistle. Sonchus oleraceus L. 300 Smooth Sow-thistle, Common milk thistle, Smooth sow thistle, Sow thistle, Milk thistle, Annual sow thistle, Common sow thistle, Hare's-lettuce, Common Sowthistle, Smooth Saw-thistle, Sow-thistle, Annual Sowthistle, Common sow-thistle, Milk weed, Pualele, Wild lettuce, Annual sow-thistle, Common annual sow-thistle, Common Milk-thistle, Hare's Lettuce Sow thistle (Sonchus) refers to a group of plants belonging to the daisy (Asteraceae) family, and many species fall under the Sonchus branch, most notably the common sow thistle (Sonchus oleraceus). sow thistle. sow thistle. Similar Species. Other features: Leaves are greyish-green rather than dark glossy green like Prickly Sow-thistle, though some plants of both species can be intermediate in this regard. It is grazed upon by rabbits, deer, and cattle, and, as its common name suggests, is a particular favourite of pigs. Similar species. The leaves of the basal rosette tend to have more spikes, but are generally less bitter. The genus Sonchus belongs to the daisy family, the Asteraceae. Annual sow thistle tends to be less prickly. Rosette leaves alternate, egg-shaped, with toothed margins. The seeds of sowthistle each possess a pappus, which aids in seed dispersal. The Sow Thistles have a rosette of basal leaves from which a flower stalk is sent up. You need to be 100% sure of your identification, 100% sure that your foraged item is edible, and 100% sure that you are not allergic to it (it is good practice to always try a small amount of any new food you are consuming). The leaves of all are potentially edible. Spear thistle, the commonest thistle in the UK, and other less common thistle species, occur mainly as weeds of grassland. Smooth sow-thistle is a pioneer species that colonises disturbed ground but it prefers nutrient rich soils. Use in herbal medicine Smooth Sow-thistle has been used for a number of ailments including fevers, slow or late menstruation and diarrhoea. Browse pictures and read growth / cultivation information about Smooth Sow Thistle (Sonchus oleraceus) 'Stephen Mifsud' supplied by member gardeners in the PlantFiles database at Dave's Garden. Young leaves can be eaten raw in salads, or steamed and used in the same way as spinach. Unless otherwise expressly stated, all original material on the BioImages website by Malcolm Storey is licensed under the above Creative Commons Licence. Our region has two common native annual, winter annual or biennial sow-thistles that are almost ubiquitous as garden weeds, in areas of cultivated and waste ground, tracks and roadsides, these are Sonchus asper (rough sow-thistle) and S. oleraceus (smooth sow-thistle). Description - what does it look like? Identification . It has a short taproot, and deeply lobed leaves. The flowers look very much like dandelion flowers, but the unique spiraling arrangement of the leaves up the stem helps with identification. The main thistle species growing in both arable and grassland situations is creeping thistle. The lobes give the appearance of pairs of leaflets, but close inspection proves this is not the case. Perennial sow thistle flowers are larger and resemble the dandelion. It got the name Sow Thistle from the fact that when cut the plant exudes a latex like milk which was believed to help lactation in mothering sows. Three sow-thistle species all occur in arable situations, with smooth sow-thistle being the species most frequently encountered. The stem is thick, smooth, hollow and much branched. Smooth Sow-thistle Sonchus oleraceus - leaf 2. It has been used as fodder for many animals, particularly rabbits and pigs. Leaf margins are toothed and only slightly prickly. Species Seen in Austria - Mittersill year all years 2020 2019 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 1998 1997 1996 1995 1994 1993 1992 1991 1990 1989 1988 1987 1986 1985 1984 1983 1982 1981 1980 1979 1978 1977 1976 1975 1974 1973 1972 1971 Leaves of both species are distinctly spiny. It is in flower from June to August, and the seeds ripen from July to September. Strain and rinse thoroughly. The "difficult" thing about sow thistle identification is that the leaves change shape tremendously as the plant matures, but they always have the same basic characteristics- having what I consider to be an arrow shape, and then as they grow bigger they get more and more lobes on each leaf. The Smooth Sow-thistle, Sonchus oleraceus, is similar but its leaves are generally greyer and without sharp spines. It's a medium to tall greyish plant with upper leaves clasping the stem with triangular, pointed basal lobes. Young plants of these two species can be difficult to tell apart, but creeping thistle has hairless upper leaf surfaces and spineless stems whereas spear thistle has rigid bristles on upper leaf surfaces and a stem with discontinuous spiny wings. Phylum: Magnoliophyta - Class: Equisetopsida - Order: Asterales - Family: Asteraceae. Even after that, pulling near the base of the plant is the most sure way of getting it up by the root. This weed is a tall, creeping perennial that reproduces by seed and horizontal, underground roots. … The leaves should be boiled like spinach, or mixed with other pot-herbs, or added to soups. Sowthistle plants are erect and fleshy plants that possess hollow, smooth stems that exude milky latex when damaged. Elsewhere it is an introduced alien plant, and it is considered to be seriously invasive in some countries, including Australia. Das Substantiv (Hauptwort, Namenwort) dient zur Benennung von Menschen, Tieren, Sachen u. Ä. Sonchus oleraceus L. (Smooth Sow-thistle) Author & Year Title Source; Braun, U., 1995: … Both produce purple flowers but these tend to be in clusters of 2 – 6 in creeping thistle … Substantive können mit einem Artikel (Geschlechtswort) und i. It can be distinguished from Sonchus asper and Sonchus hydrophilus in that they both have stiff and leathery leaves, mostly smooth achenes (fruit) with ribs that are rough to the touch or with hairs. Sonchus oleraceus L. (Smooth Sow-thistle) This website is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International Licence.. This species is native to Europe and western Asia. Naturalised throughout Australia and New Zealand. Perennial sow thistle typically occurs in patches. The smooth sow thistle is one of those. Upper leaves are not divided but broad-based triangular, as in pic on left. Distinguishing Features. There are many other yellow members of the daisy family with flowers similar to those of the Dandelion. smooth sow thistle roots. The hairless leaves are not spiney, but there can be quite a difference in appearence of the upper ones such as varyingly pronounced denticulation. Common sow thistle has hollow stems that exude latex if damaged. It is actually quite easy to raise from seed should you wish to grow in more controlled conditions. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. In the author's experience the smooth sow-thistle is the one which is most The leaves on the flower stalk have an elongated teardrop shape and wrap around the stem almost like a shirt collar. Naturalised throughout Australia and New Zealand. Although grazing animals (and butterflies) actually prefer the Sonchus to grass farmers rant about the plant because it’s a weed amongst their crop. As for the sow thistle’s botanical name: Sonchus is the ancient Greek name for the plant and means “hollow” referring to the plant’s hollow stem, a point of identification. ID guidance. It is also found on wasteland, roadsides and in gardens. The Smooth sow-thistle is available for most of the year and is used in Greece as a winter salad. Common sow thistle has hollow stems that exude latex if damaged. SOW-THISTLE, COMMON---Synonyms---Hare's Thistle.Hare's Lettuce. Sow Thistle leaves, if young, can be added to salads or cooked like spinach. Leaves. As for the sow thistle’s botanical name: Sonchus is the ancient Greek name for the plant and means “hollow” referring to the plant’s hollow stem, a point of identification. Stem leaves are alternate, without hairs, and have lobes that clasp the stem. A. im … Smooth Sow–thistle - Sonchus oleraceus Family - Asteraceae Also known as - Sow Thistle, Hare's Thistle, Milk Thistle Photo ©2018– Click any photo for a larger image A very common native annual plant in the UK except for northern Scotland, found from May to November on bare or disturbed areas, waste ground and roadsides. In Greek mythology Theseus is said to have eaten smooth sow-thistle to gain power before leaving to slay the Minotaur in its Cretan labyrinth, where it dined on human bodies, bull’s heads and young Atheneans. There are many other yellow members of the daisy family with flowers similar to those of the Dandelion. thistle pollen and become food sources for wildlife. Smooth sow-thistle is a pioneer species that colonises disturbed ground but it prefers nutrient rich soils. Green matter in grain can increase drying costs and dockage. Bare soil exposed by rabbits, burning or human activity offers favourable conditions for smooth sow-thistle emergence. The seeds of sowthistle each possess a pappus, which aids in seed dispersal. A thread in the Plant Identification forum, titled SOLVED: looks a bit like Dandelion or smooth sow thistle, but not. A perennial plant growing to a metre in height, Smooth Sow-thistle has soft triangular, greyish-green leaves with pointed basal lobes. Also known by a variety of common names including common sow thistle, sow thistle, annual sow thistle, hare's thistle, hare's lettuce, hare's colwort, milk thistle (not Silybum marianum) and swinies. C. Smooth Sow-thistle (Sonchus oleraceus) This native species has leaves with the end lobe the largest, and with softly spiny margins, clasping the stem with arrow-shaped points. smooth sow thistle. Smooth Sow-thistle and Common Sow-thistle often hybridise, resulting in plants with slightly prickly leaves. Both these species, as well as the beautiful Perennial Sow-thistle (Sonchus arvensis), are totally edible: roots, stems,leaves, buds and flowers. smooth sow-thistle. Threshold/Yield Loss. Poultices have been made from leaves, while the latex has been used to treat warts. Photographs from other photographers are used with permission but not included … ... and the yellow flowers with a 'puff-ball' seedhead are all characteristics that help in the identification of annual sowthistle. The plant’s scientific name means that it is an edible vegetable. Find the perfect smooth sow thistle stock photo. It is not frost tender. Unless otherwise expressly stated, all original material on the BioImages website by Malcolm Storey is licensed under the above Creative Commons Licence. This is a video about how to identify Spiny sow thistle, or some just call it Sow thistle, which is a plant in Dandelion family. It is also called things like hares lettuce and milk thistle (not to be confused with milk weed). The flowers are similar in appearance and colour to Dandelions. Both plants are edible. This is a video about how to identify Spiny sow thistle, or some just call it Sow thistle, which is a plant in Dandelion family. When the older leaves are damged, they exude a white sap or “latex”, Possible lookalikes Groundsel is a potential poisonous lookalike, but its leaves do not have fine spikes around the edge. Habitat. hochwertige und bezahlbare, lizenzfreie sowie lizenzpflichtige Bilder. Riesige Sammlung, hervorragende Auswahl, mehr als 100 Mio. Sow Thistle; Previously known as: Actites; Phonetic Spelling SON-chus Description . There are a few different types of Sow Thistle species growing in the UK but Sonchus oleraceus is the most common. When the leaves are split, they exude a white sap or “latex” Plants can grow from 20 to 150cm in height. If you are suffering from any ailment or need medical advice, please see your General Practitioner, Hazards Excessive consumption of stems can lead to colic and tenesmus (recurrent diarrhoea), Importance to other species The flowers provide a source of nectar for pollinators during the summer months. Flowerheads are pale yellow, 20 to 25 mm, borne in lax clusters. The edges of the leaves are covered with very small fragile "spikes". There is also a perennial species, S. arvensis (corn sow-thistle). The Common Sow Thistle's leaf spines aren't as stiff and hurtful. Sowthistle plants can be either present as a rosette or upright in their growth form. The flowers are similar in appearance and colour to Dandelions. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees, flies. If in doubt, leave it out! Always stay safe when foraging. A perennial plant growing to a metre in height, Smooth Sow-thistle has soft triangular, greyish-green leaves with pointed basal lobes. Smooth Sow-thistle: Sonchus oleraceus ... Other features: Leaves are greyish-green rather than dark glossy green like Prickly Sow-thistle, though some plants of both species can be intermediate in this regard. 3 Its scientific name is derived from the Greek word “sonchus,” which means “hollow,” 4 referring to its stems. Upper stems, branches and involucral bracts (h) surrounding the flower heads usually densely covered with dark hair (j); each hair with a tiny gland (k) at its tip (these hairs, when seen under magnification, resemble a tiny lollipop) (these glandular hairs do not occur in its sister variety, Smooth perennial sow-thistle); flower heads showy, bright yellow, 2.5 - 4 cm across; each head containing only strap-shaped ray florets(like Dandelion flower heads and similar to those of Smooth perennial sow-thistle); seeds brown … The stems are erect, hollow, 0.5-1.2 m (2-4 ft.) high, smooth, stout, and branch at the top. The commoner of the two, the smooth sow-thistle, Sonchus oleraceus has leaves that are weakly and softly spiny, and usually deeply lobed, while those of the rough sow-thistle Sonchus asper are more aggressively spiny, less lobed, or unlobed, and the upper surface is shiny green. Is creeping thistle … smooth Sow-thistle is a wildflower of urban roadsides, wasteland roadsides. 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