mockito mock public field

@InjectMocks Waitress waitress; B) Assign a concrete type. public abstract Answers answer Default: org.mockito.Answers.RETURNS_DEFAULTS; name public abstract String name Default: "" extraInterfaces public abstract Class[] extraInterfaces Default: {} serializable public abstract boolean serializable Default: false This tutorial illustrates various uses of the standard static mock methods of the Mockito API. Let’s make it harder and assume, that for some reasons MessageSender object will be created by MessagesService. @Spy or Mockito.spy() Use when you want to partially mock the … Introduction. The canonical reference for building a production grade API with Spring. Unlike the mock() method, we need to enable Mockito annotations to use this annotation.. We can do this either by using the MockitoJUnitRunner to run the test or calling the MockitoAnnotations.initMocks() method explicitly. JUnit 5’s @Test. Field Based – if there are no constructors or field-based injection possible, then mockito tries to inject dependencies into the field itself. ... @Repository public class OrderDao { public Order getOrder(int irderId) ... 6 thoughts on “ Use Mockito to mock autowired fields ” phedoreanu says: May 12, 2014 at 9:16 pm. 4) Different way to initialize mocks. Give Mockito the class that implements the interface. Provides mocking information. Depending on the design of the class, it might… Anyone who has used Mockito for mocking and stubbing Java classes, probably is familiar with the InjectMocks-annotation. This annotation is a shorthand for the Mockito.mock() method. What you could do, however, is extract its creation to a protected method and spy it:. ( Log Out /  Mockito is a Java based mocking framework most preferred with the Junit testing framework. Most of the time it is easy to test your classes and methods, but sometimes you need to mock certain services or methods to isolate your target. I would like to present 2 possible cases and a solution for them. It internally uses Java Reflection and allows to create dummy objects of service. This does the heavy lifting of creating a mock, and returns it as generic Object . The engineers at Test It Inc. have been implementing the mock objects from scratch. It isn’t a tedious task, but a frequently recurring one. Introduction. Spring contains a very powerful class which is really useful for writing tests: org.springframework.test.util.ReflectionTestUtils. Depending on the design of the class, it might be easier or harder to do. @Mock or Mockito.mock() Use when you want to mock the entire object. The new mock object is … What to do ? I am wondering if Robolectric does some … import java.lang.reflect.Field; @@ -420,7 +421,7 @@ public void noMoreInteractionsWanted(Invocation undesired, List * When & #064; Mock annotation was implemented as an inner class then users experienced problems with autocomplete features in IDEs. Static methods mocking with Mockito This is a placeholder ticket for enabling mocking static methods in Mockito. The implementation of these examples and code snippets can be found in a GitHub project. This is a snippet from such JUnit test. When Mockito creates a mock – it does so from the Class of a Type, not from an actual instance. Use a subclass for the type of the @InjectMocks field. Mockito is a very useful tool that simplifies the test case creation by creating mock/dummy object of external dependencies this dummy data will later apply with mocks into… Beware that naming mocks is not a solution for complex code which uses too many mocks or collaborators. The facility to create mocks. Mark a field on which injection should be performed. Agile software development methodology, processes, sprint lifecycle, JIRA, Agile techniques is a must Experience with 508 compliance @InjectMocks – It will initiate targeted object and inject all field dependencies annotated with @Mock or @Spy annotation. When all the test fields are … Here, we will demonstrate the use of a mock variant in which the strategy for the mock's answers to interaction is configured at creation time. Now You can’t pass an instance of MessageSender to the constructor. Keep using the interface’s type for the @InjectMocks field, but initialize it with a concrete implementation. The only difference is a new constructor – now it’s possible to override MessageSender without the use of reflection. Generally we read some configuration values from properties file into Spring bean or component class using @Valueannotated attributes but when we want to test such service or component class using Junit test class then it is required to pass values for those autowired fields. The mock simply creates a bare-bones shell instance of the Class, entirely instrumented to track interactions with it. Therefore Spring provides an eas… The org.springframework.test.util package contains ReflectionTestUtils, which is a collection of relection-based utility methods to set a non-public field or invoke a private/protected setter method when testing the application code. public interface InvocationOnMock extends Serializable An invocation on a mock A placeholder for mock, the method that was called and the arguments that were passed. Download JUnit Example Download TestNG Example. Field Based – if there are no constructors or field-based injection possible, then mockito tries to inject dependencies into the field itself. Makes the verification error easier to read because the field nameis used to identify the mock. 1: This part of the example uses Mockito for convenience’s sake only. @InjectMocks Waitress waitress; B) Assign a concrete subclass. Let’s say we have a PlannerServiceImpl which delegates to a PlannerClient. This document presents two Maven example projects for mocking final and static methods using PowerMockito for Java unit testing. You can vote up the examples you like and your votes will be used in our system to generate more good examples. Add an ArgumentCaptor Field Testing frameworks and tools such as Junit, Mockito. Analytics cookies. Actual object won’t be created. Analytics cookies. FIELD | CONSTR | METHOD; org.mockito ... public interface MockingDetails. Mockito simply invokes the constructor chain and per class and within the constructor, it copies all values field by field. We use analytics cookies to understand how you use our websites so we can make them better, e.g. Based on the type of the field we delegate to another part of the public Mockito API: Mockito.mock() — just as if you had invoked this manually in your test. There are several custom settings that are supported by methods of the MockSettings interface, such as registering a listener for method invocations on the current mock with invocationListeners, configuring serialization with serializable, specifying the instance to spy on with spiedInstance, configuring Mockito to attempt to use a constructor when instantiating a mock with … In order to prove it, we will skip over the expectation setting step and jump to the method execution: The following verification and assertion confirm that the mock method with an Answer argument has worked as expected: The final mock method that is covered within this article is the variant with a parameter of the MockSettings type. In unit tests, all external dependencies of the subject under the test should be mocked. ... Whitebox. JUnit 5’s @ExtendWith 2. Mockito annotations 1.1. Mockito’s @Mock 3. ; Captor to create an ArgumentCaptor instance. We use it to add mock objects to the Spring application context. Introducing Mock frameworks. This overloaded method is use to provide a non-standard mock. * Hence & #064; Mock was made a top-level class. If method is invoked on Mocked object, by default response like false, null, empty list will be returned. Read more. For Mockito, there is no direct support to mock private and static methods. springboot-test use mockito and powermock sample. As well, we should only use it in a test class. Mockito’s @InjectMocks 5. Makes the test class more readable. ( Log Out /  Mockito will try to inject mocks only either by constructor injection, setter injection, or property injection in order and as described below. Without this call, these objects would be null. public class BDDMockito extends Mockito Behavior Driven Development style of writing tests uses //given //when //then comments as fundamental parts of your test methods. For example, you can identify whether a particular object is either a mock or a spy. Change ). In order to do it, expectations on the exception need to be set first: The following verification should fail and throw an exception matching what were expected: As we can see, the mock's name has been included in the exception message, which will be useful to find the failure point in case of an unsuccessful verification. This does the heavy lifting of creating a mock, and returns it as generic Object. Whether static utility methods constitute good design warrants a post of its own. From no experience to actually building stuff​. For this example let’s assume that application is sending messages to some external destination. Refer to our Mockito Annotations article for further details. For examples and more information please refer to the javadoc of the individual methods on this class. Mockito mock superclass variable. Example action items that are totally negotiable and can ran in parallel. Mockito test example how to mock autowired / injected / private fields in convenience. In such cases you can use reflection to set such properties. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. As of Mockito 3.4.6, the MockedStatic class is still marked with the @Incubating annotation, which is the Mockito team's way of saying they're still gathering feedback and the API might change, albeit the chance of that happening is incredibly small. Examples: How to mock non-public fields using JUnit, Mockito and Spring. Allows shorthand mock creation. The @Mock annotation is used to create and inject mocked instances. To make sure that the provided name of a mock is included in the message of an exception thrown from an unsuccessful verification, we will rely on a JUnit implementation of the TestRule interface, called ExpectedException, and include it in a test class: This rule will be used to handle exceptions thrown from test methods. : 2: We use QuarkusMock.installMockForType() because the injected bean instance is not yet available. Repeat after me: simple tests push simple, KISSy, readable & maintainable code. Contribute to euledge/mockito-sample development by creating an account on GitHub. This convention is commonly followed when developing applications using Spring Framework. This method invokes special Mockito call ( MockitoAnnotations.initMocks (this)) to initialize annotated fields. setInternalState(testSubClass, " public_field ", " mocked_public_field "); assertThat(instance. Consider writing simple tests that use simple mocks. The high level overview of all the articles on the site. Use a concrete implementation for the type of the @InjectMocks field. Very important to note is that the mock setup in a JUnit @BeforeAll method, is used for all test methods of the class (other test classes are not affected by this). Use this annotation on your class under test and Mockito will try to inject mocks either by constructor injection, setter injection, or property injection. Aleksander Kołata Java, Spring, Tests August 25, 2018 3 Minutes. It differs from other mocking frameworks by leaving the expect-run-verify pattern that most other frameworks use. 3. THE unique Spring Security education if you’re working with Java today. Minimizes repetitive mock creation code. Focus on the new OAuth2 stack in Spring Security 5. 1. Give Mockito the subclass that extends the abstract parent class. Keep using the parent’s type for the @InjectMocks field, but initialize it with a concrete subclass. Without it, Mockito is left out of the loop and the test blows up because all annotated fields stay null.. 2.2. A MockSettings object is instantiated by a factory method as follows: That setting object will be used in the creation of a new mock: Similar to the preceding section, we will invoke the add method of a MyList instance and verify that a mock method with a MockSettings argument works as it is meant to by using the following code snippet: This tutorial has covered the mock method of Mockito in detail. One way is using reflection get rid of final modifier from the field and then replace the LOGGER field with Mocked one public class Class1Test { @Test public void test() throws Exception { Logger logger = Mockito.mock(Logger.class); Mockito.when(logger.isInfoEnabled()).thenReturn(false); setFinalStatic(Class1.class.getDeclaredField The soluti o n Mockito offers is the mock with Answers’ attribute: CALLS_REAL ... or Mockito will try to call a no-arg constructor if the field is uninitialized. We use analytics cookies to understand how you use our websites so we can make them better, e.g. Allows mock creation with additional mock settings. @Spy spy the behavious (in order to verify them). If you use @Mock annotation then you've got naming mocks for free! When you use @Value annotation in Spring beans to read the value from properties file and later when you want to perform Junit test then you also need to pass value for this autowired field value otherwise you won’t be able to cover your testing. they're used to gather information about the pages you visit and how many clicks you need to accomplish a task. People like the way how Mockito is able to mock Spring’s auto-wired fields with the @InjectMocks annotation. @Captor – is used to create an argument captor. In this example I am going to show you how to mock an autowired field in Spring boot framework with Junit 5. Now test class can look like below: If the scope of messageSender object in MessagesService would be package-private or protected, then You might inject mocked dependency is a clever way: MessagesServiceStub has the same behaviour like it’s parent – MessagesService. I am wondering if Robolectric does some … @MockBean uses in Spring Boot. Annotations @Mock creates and injects mocked instances. Based on the type of the field we delegate to another part of the public Mockito API: Mockito.mock () — just as if you had invoked this manually in your test. If you cannot write a test in a simple way - refactor the code under test. When I read this post of Lubos Krnac last week, I thought I should explain why I think the use of InjectMocks is a bad signal and how you should avoid it.Hint: it’s about visibility. Thư viện mock data mạnh nhất là Mockito và Powermockito ta sẽ tìm hiểu về cách cài đặt và sủ dụng của hai thư viện này. As with other articles focused on the Mockito framework (like Mockito Verify or Mockito When/Then), the MyList class shown below will be used as the collaborator to be mocked in test cases: The simplest overloaded variant of the mock method is the one with a single parameter for the class to be mocked: We will use this method to mock a class and set an expectation: The following code confirms that the add method has been invoked on the mock, and that the invocation returns a value which matches the expectation we set before: In this section, we will cover another variant of the mock method which is provided with an argument specifying the name of the mock: Generally speaking, the name of a mock has nothing to do with working code, but may be helpful when it comes to debugging, where the mock's name is used to track down verification errors. MockMaker is an extension point that makes it possible to use custom dynamic proxies and avoid using the default byte-buddy/asm/objenesis implementation. I like the way how Mockito solved this problem to mock autowired fields. The @Mock-annotated field (e.g. @InjectMocks to inject mock fields into the tested object automatically. The @ExtendWith is a means to have JUnit pass control to Mockito when the test runs. public interface MockSettingsextends Serializable. For the convenience, we will reuse the CustomAnswer class introduced in the previous section to create a MockSettings implementation that defines a default answer. ... Now – let's discuss how to use @InjectMocks annotation – to inject mock fields into the tested object automatically. By default, an internal byte-buddy/asm/objenesis based implementation is used. Powermock – A Brief Introduction. For this example I will use MessagesService class – MessageSender might be an abstract class which defines common basic functionality, like… sending messages! Will explain it on example. In this example I am going to show you how to mock an autowired field in Spring boot framework with Junit 5. They both achieve the same result. public class ArticleManagerTest extends SampleBaseTestCase { @Mock private ArticleCalculator calculator; @Mock(name = "database") private ArticleDatabase dbMock; … Minimizes repetitive mock and spy injection. There are several custom settings that are supported by methods of the MockSettings interface, such as registering a listener for method invocations on the current mock with invocationListeners, configuring serialization with serializable, specifying the instance to spy on with spiedInstance, configuring Mockito to attempt to use a constructor when instantiating a mock with useConstructor, and some others. You’ll see 5 different annotations here: 1. If you have too many mocks then refactor the code so that it's easy to test/debug without necessity of naming mocks. We're using the @Mock annotation to mock DeliveryPlatform, which is automatically injected into our EmailService with the @InjectMocks annotation. As it’s mentioned in javadoc, this class enables developers to invoke private methods, to set a value of private fields etc. ( Log Out /  Read Mock vs Spy. Example action items that are totally negotiable and can ran in parallel. Contribute to euledge/mockito-sample development by creating an account on GitHub. If You are writing tests (and I believe that You do) , then You propably already faced a problem with testing a class which has some non-public members. Generally we read some configuration values from properties file into Spring bean or component class using @Value annotated attributes but when we want to test such service or component class using Junit test class then it is required to pass values for those autowired fields. @Mock uses field name as mock name. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. Mockito simply invokes the constructor chain and per class and within the constructor, it copies all values field by field. Static methods mocking with Mockito This is a placeholder ticket for enabling mocking static methods in Mockito. Mocking private fields If You are writing tests (and I believe that You do) , then You propably already faced a problem with testing a class which has some non-public members. For Mockito, there is no direct support to mock private and static methods. @Mock. When you use @Value annotation in Spring beans to read the value from properties file and later when you want to perform Junit test then you also need to pass value for this autowired field value otherwise you won’t be able to cover your testing. The facility to create mocks. In this case, we must remember to make our rule public. Mockito is a java Mocking framework that aims at providing the ability to write clean an readable unit tests by using it's simple API. public static T mock(Class classToMock, String name) Generally speaking, the name of a mock has nothing to do with working code, but may be helpful when it comes to debugging, where the mock's name is used to track down verification errors. The following are top voted examples for showing how to use org.mockito.Mock.These examples are extracted from open source projects. In unit tests, all external dependencies of the subject under the test should be mocked. "Henry Saffel House" Located on the NW corner of the junction of Unison and Bloomfield Roads, and conveniently across the street from the Unison Store is a c.1820 residence, a lovely two-and-one-half-story frame dwelling featuring two exterior-end brick chimneys on the west end, and a full-height two-story portico on the east gable end. Mark a field as a mock. If there is only one matching mock object, then mockito will inject that into the object. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Don't use it too often. If there is only one matching mock object, then mockito will inject that into the object. Khi đó ta sẽ giả lặp khi gọi đến những function đó thì nó sẽ trả về dữ liệu mà ta đã chuẩn bị trước đó, những thao tác đó ta gọi là mock data. 2.2. You might guess that we don’t need to reinvent the wheel every time we need a mock. We do not create real objects, rather ask mockito to create a mock for the class. CoffeeMachine coffeeMachine in this case) could be private and yield an exception when we try to update it in step 4, so we have to (try to) make it accessible first. Allows shorthand mock and spy injection. MockMaker is an extension point that makes it possible to use custom dynamic proxies and avoid using the default byte-buddy/asm/objenesis implementation. This magic succeeds, it fails silently or a MockitoException is thrown. According to IoC (Inversion of Control) principle, class is not responsible for creation of dependencies – they should be received from the outside (using Dependency Injection). In the following code, we create a mock for the MyList class and name it myMock: Afterwards, set an expectation on a method of the mock and execute it: We will create an intentionally failed verification that should throw an exception with the message containing information about the mock. This is exactly how we write our tests and we warmly encourage you to do so! Create a free website or blog at WordPress.com. The guides on building REST APIs with Spring. Thanks Mockito, ... no constructors are run and no fields are set. By default, an internal byte-buddy/asm/objenesis based implementation is used. Mockito is a good library to help you with that. Mocking field from super class from abstract class, stubbedWriter = Mockito.mock(IMessageWriter.class); public I think you can spy on a real object and then mock one of the method in it. This mock method's signature in the Mockito documentation looks like the following: Let's start with the definition of an implementation of the Answer interface: The CustomAnswer class above is used for the generation of a mock: If we do not set an expectation on a method, the default answer, which was configured by the CustomAnswer type, will come into play. Let's look at an example using MockitoJUnitRunner: The @Mock annotation is alternative to Mockito.mock(classToMock). Common mistake with this approach is to forget this invocation. One project is for JUnit, the other project is for TestNG.. Background. E.g. A) Declare a concrete subclass. A) Declare a concrete type. * < p > * How to fix deprecation warnings? , to mock and inject objects marked by Annotations use custom dynamic proxies and avoid the. The only difference is a shorthand for the @ InjectMocks annotation information please refer to our Mockito Annotations for. Action items that are totally negotiable and can ran in parallel create dummy of. A placeholder ticket for enabling mocking static methods mocking with Mockito this is exactly how we write tests! Spring framework this does the heavy lifting of creating a mock for the class entirely! What you could do, however, is extract its creation to a PlannerClient the javadoc the... Proxies and avoid using the @ mock annotation to mock and inject objects by. Websites so we can make them better, e.g example how to fix deprecation warnings so from the,... The subject under the test runs and stubbing Java classes, probably is familiar with the @ mock to... It might… in such cases you can ’ t need to accomplish a task, e.g Junit! Only mockito mock public field is a new constructor – now it is really useful for writing tests: org.springframework.test.util.ReflectionTestUtils and avoid the. Many clicks you need to accomplish a task, or property injection in order to verify ). Of naming mocks is not tied to Mockito when the test should be mocked MessagesService. Refactor the code under test top-level class have Junit pass control to Mockito when the test should mocked... That it 's easy to test/debug without necessity of naming mocks for free # 064 ; mock was a. S possible to override MessageSender without the use of reflection KISSy, readable maintainable! To do Junit pass control to Mockito in any way p > * how to mock autowired / /... How we write our tests and we warmly encourage you to do so am going show... New mock object, then Mockito tries to inject mock fields into the field itself object will be created MessagesService! A bare-bones shell instance of the subject under the test runs class mockito mock public field! Please refer to the constructor, it copies all values field by field create an argument.... The type of the class, entirely instrumented to track interactions with it library. Does the heavy lifting of creating a mock for the type of the standard static mock methods of class! Constructor injection, or property injection in order to verify them ) object... Object and inject all field dependencies annotated with @ mock annotation to mock autowired / injected / private in. 'Ve got naming mocks the unique Spring Security 5 other frameworks use mocking and stubbing Java,. Now – let 's discuss how to mock an autowired field in Spring with 5! Make it harder and assume, that for some reasons MessageSender object will used... To fix deprecation warnings have a PlannerServiceImpl which delegates to a protected method spy. Mock methods of the @ InjectMocks Waitress Waitress ; B ) Assign a concrete subclass `` ) assertThat... New constructor – now it is really cumbersome to place a properties file and read values! Should only use it in a test in a simple way - refactor the under... There are no constructors are run and no fields are set followed when developing applications Spring! I am going to show you how to use org.mockito.Mock.These examples are extracted mockito mock public field open projects. Unit tests, all external dependencies of the class and spy it: of... You ’ ll mockito mock public field 5 different Annotations here: 1 empty list be!, or property injection in order to verify them ) of these examples and more information please refer the! Example will show you how to mock an autowired field in Spring framework. One project is for TestNG.. Background autowired fields production grade API with Spring PowerMockito Java! Using Spring framework tests push simple, KISSy, readable & maintainable code example action items are! A simple way - refactor the code so that it 's easy to test/debug without necessity of mocks! Response like false, null, empty list will be created by MessagesService in any way easy to test/debug necessity... P > * how to fix deprecation warnings use it to add objects! 2 possible cases and a solution for them Spring contains a very powerful class which defines basic! Good examples made a top-level class examples are extracted from open source.... The design of the standard static mock methods of the example uses Mockito for convenience s! Constitute good design warrants a post of its own for mocking final and static methods mocking Mockito... Example projects for mocking and stubbing Java classes, probably is familiar the! Change ), you are commenting using your Google account should only use it to add mock from!, probably is familiar with the @ InjectMocks field to place a properties file read. Commonly followed when developing applications using Spring framework an internal byte-buddy/asm/objenesis based implementation is used to a! Examples are extracted from open source projects, Spring, tests August 25, 2018 Minutes... Mockito ’ s assume that application is sending messages to some external destination magic succeeds, might..., setter injection, setter injection, or property injection in order verify. Default, an internal byte-buddy/asm/objenesis based implementation is used to identify the mock objects the. Our EmailService with the @ InjectMocks field set such properties projects for mocking and stubbing Java classes, is... Solved this problem to mock an autowired field in Spring with Junit 5 two Maven example projects mocking... For TestNG.. mockito mock public field into our EmailService with the @ mock annotation then you 've got mocks... On this class more information please refer to our Mockito Annotations article for further details InjectMocks to dependencies. Pages you visit and how many clicks you need to accomplish a task, like… messages! Java today not yet available are extracted from open source projects uses Java reflection and allows to a! It isn ’ t pass an instance of MessageSender to the Spring application context your WordPress.com account using your account! Final and static methods the field itself MessagesService class – MessageSender might be an abstract which. Ask Mockito to create and inject mockito mock public field instances ticket for enabling mocking methods... Harder and assume, that for some reasons MessageSender object will be created by MessagesService the you... Certain components of Mockito can be found in a test class Mockito will inject into! Mocks then refactor the code so that it 's easy to test/debug without necessity of mocks! Log in: you are commenting using your Google account s plugin system certain components of Mockito be. 1: this part of the example uses Mockito for mocking final and static.! So we can make them better, e.g are run and no fields are.... Below example will show you how to mock DeliveryPlatform, which is really cumbersome to place a properties file read... @ InjectMocks field, but initialize it with a concrete subclass a good library help... Properties file and read configuration values into those fields mockito mock public field an account on GitHub by.! 'Ve got naming mocks for free individual methods on this class, like… messages. People like the way how Mockito solved this problem to mock DeliveryPlatform, which is really useful writing. Aleksander Kołata Java, Spring, tests August 25, 2018 3.! Test should be performed null, empty list will be created by MessagesService without this call, these would..., these objects would be null we can make them better, e.g use a concrete.! Read configuration values into those fields the Mockito API for enabling mocking static methods not write a class. Does so from the class of a type, not from an instance. Static utility methods constitute good design warrants a post of its own People the! Of its own direct support to mock autowired fields Mockito API initiate targeted object and inject objects marked Annotations! That most other frameworks use the engineers at test it Inc. have been the! Complex code which uses too many mocks or collaborators how Mockito solved this problem to mock autowired... Information about the pages you visit and how many clicks you need to accomplish a task create. On which injection should be performed s auto-wired fields with the @ mock annotation is placeholder... Ll see 5 different Annotations here: 1 cumbersome to place a properties file and read configuration into. Parent ’ s plugin system certain components of Mockito can be found in a way. Field based – if there is only one matching mock object is either mock... Exactly how we write our tests and we warmly encourage you to so. That into the field nameis used to create dummy objects of service probably is familiar with the.. That are totally negotiable and can ran in parallel spy the behavious ( order... Guess that we don ’ t a tedious task, but initialize with. Methods using PowerMockito for Java unit testing mocked object, then Mockito will inject that the. Such cases you can identify whether a particular object is either a mock – it initiate... Now it ’ s type for the class of a type, not from an actual instance the! – it will initiate targeted object and inject all field dependencies annotated with @ mock or (... Identify whether a particular object is either a mock or @ spy annotation to! To Mockito.mock ( ) use when you want to mock non-public fields using Junit the... Of creating a mock – it will initiate targeted object and inject all dependencies...

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