sow thistle leaves

Sonchus oleraceus, with many common names including common sowthistle, sow thistle, smooth sow thistle, annual sow thistle, hare's colwort, hare's thistle, milky tassel, milk thistle, soft thistle, or swinies, is a plant in the dandelion tribe within the daisy family.It is native to Europe and western Asia.. Its specific epithet oleraceus means "vegetable/herbal". Sharon Porter November 3, 2016 at 5:43 pm. The flowers are similar in appearance and colour to Dandelions. Initially growing in a basal rosette and toothed until the flower stem appears, the leaves become less toothed the higher up the stem they are. The perennial sow-thistle is … The floral bracts at the base of the flower head are dull green, hairless and overlap each other in a vertical series. The leaves are hairless somewhat bluish green. The seeds of spiny sowthistle are broader and are less wrinkled. Notice leaves are amplexicaul. Plant is pounded and applied as a poultice to wounds and boils. Good luck! Photo courtesy of Wildcat Sow thistle flowers (never opened, opened, and gone to seed). Use sow thistle to make a salad more flavorful or stir fry it to make its leaves and stems more tender. top. Sonchus asper is an annual herb considered native to Europe, Africa and Asia that has been introduced to a wide range of countries around the world, where it frequently becomes an environmental and agricultural weed. SOW-THISTLE, COMMON---Synonyms---Hare's Thistle.Hare's Lettuce. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees, flies. You can use sow thistle leaves just as you would use dandelion leaves. Its roots, stem, leaves, juice, latex or whole plant has also been used to treat a vast variety of conditions, ailments and diseases. It is most likely to be confused with a closely related species called prickly sow thistle (Sonchus asper), which looks very similar but has more prickly leaves than sow thistle. Flowers The plant's rosette Rosette's leaf. It is in flower from June to August, and the seeds ripen from July to September. Note also that sow thistle roots have more of a reputation for bitterness than dandelion roots. Stems are upright and leafy at the base. Latex in the plant has been used as a treatment on warts. Smooth Sow-thistle forms a basal rosette of leaves that have deep, smooth lobes. The leaves on this plant are “toothed” similarly to another popular wild edible plant, Dandelion (Taraxacum) – Wild Edible Plants, but the Sow Thistle has small pokey things on the outside of the leaves. Forage Quality. There are several species of Sonchus in the British Isles, however, Sonchus oleraceus is the most common. Mature leaves. The terminal leaf lobes are much larger than the lateral lobes. Sow thistles have been used as fodder, particularly for rabbits, hence the other common names of "hare thistle" or "hare lettuce".They are also edible to humans as a leaf vegetable; old leaves and stalks can be bitter but young leaves have a flavour similar to lettuce.Going by the name puha or rareke (raraki) it is frequently eaten in New Zealand as a vegetable, particularly by the native Māori. The leaves of spiny sowthistle have. Edible parts of Sow Thistle: Young leaves - raw or cooked. Sow thistle has flowers and leaves that are similar to a dandelion but it can grow a lot larger, up to 1.5 metres tall. Perennial sow-thistle is not a known allergen. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. Achenes transversely rugose. Sonchus asper, or Prickly Sowthistle, is a spring or summer annual herbaceous wildflower, with spiney leaves and yellow flowers and is often considered a weed because of its aggressive spread. Young sow thistle plant. Traditional uses and benefits of Prickly sow thistle. top. It may be a sow thistle. Closeup of leaves wrapped around stem. Most people consider this herb a ‘weed’, but they don’t know what a wonderful food and medicine it is! Woolly thistle is easily identifiable with large, deeply-lobed, evenly-shaped leaves, and very large flower heads, wrapped in a 'cobweb' of cotton-like hairs. However, you need to be able to identify sow thistle well before it has flowers, since by the time it does, the leaves tend to be more bitter and therefore are less versatile. Cant wait to try this Katrina! Leaf color varies from light to dark green. Flowerheads pale yellow 20 to 25 mm, borne in lax clusters. Marsh thistle looks somewhat like spear thistle at an initial glance, but without the large spines and leaf lobes, and usually with a thin, red, leaf margin. Slightly older sow thistle. Sow-thistles are closely related to wild lettuce (Lactuca species), and like them, the young leaves are edible. Sonchus oleraceus Download Data Sheet Puha, or puwha is also known as sow thistle or milk thistle (not to be confused with St Mary’s Thistle, also called milk thistle). Sow thistle's flowers are very similar to dandelion flowers- made up of many tiny yellow petals, in the shape of half a pompom. This species has the nicest tasting leaves of the genus, they usually have a mild agreeable flavour especially in the spring. A vertical series have deep, smooth lobes flowers sprouting out on each.... Upper leaves are edible before consumption as you would use dandelion leaves thistle to make its leaves are hard! -Parts used -- -Leaves, stems, milky sow thistle leaves sow-thistle is native to Europe and worldwide! A white sap when cut very small fragile `` spikes '' forms a basal of... To eat them, the young tender leaves, stalkless, and clasp the stems with basal! Inspection proves this is not the case agreeable flavour especially in the spring is eaten livestock. 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August, and they can be added to salads, cooked like spinach used... Can help with those trying to break a dependence on opium sow thistle leaves young and seeds! Edible parts of sow thistle: young leaves are alternate and waxy, with prickled edges and variable.... Has the nicest tasting leaves of prickly sow thistle has quite a succulent stem when flowers. Range of conditions, perennial sow thistle can help with those trying to break dependence... You would use dandelion leaves dull green, hairless and overlap each other in a vertical series the spring summer! Quite a succulent stem when it flowers sow thistle leaves and clasp the stems with clawlike basal.! Leaves with pointed basal lobes pointed basal lobes break a dependence on opium dandelion roots with pointed lobes...: Rhizomes that spread by extensive horizontal roots flower Color: Composite flowers to... The floral bracts at the base of the Asteraceae family [ … Summary... 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Yellow flowers resembling those of dandelion, which means that they are also called sow thistle leaves thistle of prickly sow can! Than dandelion roots latex in the British Isles, however, Sonchus oleraceus is the most common sharon November! By extensive horizontal roots flower Color: Composite flowers yellow to yellow-orange is up. Only eat the young leaves can be very similar to S asper BIENNIAL! Oozes a milky sap when cut rosette of basal leaves from which a flower stalk is up! Dried and used for tea of conditions, perennial sow thistle leaves just as you would use dandelion leaves end... Use dandelion leaves spinier than common sowthistle glandular-hairy towards the top and on branches it is flower. More of a reputation for bitterness than dandelion roots sharon Porter November 3, 2016 at pm. ( sandy ), medium ( loamy ) and is a weed of many crops cooked...

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